Displaying items by tag: Technologyhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.euTue, 28 Jun 2016 00:06:17 +0200Joomla! - Open Source Content Managementde-deSustainable chemistryhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1524-sustainable-chemistryhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1524-sustainable-chemistrySustainable chemistry

Sustainable chemistry

ID: F1512-10

Change of the processing sectors toward a much more sustainable manufacturing model should guarantee continued growth and global competitiveness. Achieving this requires adopting unique reactor technologies, greener reactions and increase in smart system usage. A new task is developing new techniques and tools for modelling and control of reactor based procedures, based on real-time sensing and comments. This should facilitate developing a new paradigm of more intensive, low-impact and sustainable chemical technologies. The task is focused on the development of a new procedure control approach to improve process effectiveness through intensification of semi-batch and 'smart-scale' constant polymerisation procedures. This will be accomplished by connecting molecular-level information of the response chemistry with soft sensors, integrating rigorous mathematical models, and subsequently implementing reduced models for non-linear model-predictive control and powerful real-time optimization. After characterising various polymers and polymerisations, experts have produced and validated semi-batch and smart-scale designs for online control programs. Process intensification for polymerisation systems have actually been investigated in a smart-scale tubular reactor with static mixers. The outcomes, so far reveal feasibility and robustness of an established stable procedure with large solids content throughput. A further important success features been the development of sensor fusion whereby a soft sensor approach is being created to allow for the processing of a number of information at the same time such as temperature flow, area acoustic trend, temperature and conductivity. Currently, efforts are in place to prepare for a successful demonstration of polymerisation processes at a production-pilot grow, thus placing developed theory from the lab scale to grow scale. Researchers have made significant improvements with regard to developing state-of-the-art model-based procedure control techniques with unique focus on improving item properties.

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  • sustainable
  • Chemistry
  • Manufacturing
  • Reactor
  • Technology
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    grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:20 +0100
    Paper to conquer new marketshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1521-paper-to-conquer-new-marketshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1521-paper-to-conquer-new-marketsPaper to conquer new markets

    Paper to conquer new markets

    ID: F1512-07

    A new project adopted a multidisciplinary approach, bringing together 12 research and industry lovers with various backgrounds, including materials science and engineering, chemistry, physics, electronic devices, and micro- and nanotechnologies. They envisioned paper items such as labels with particular autonomous properties that interact with users and/or report modifications in their environment. Work centred on developing new types of paper, fibres and inks on a commercial scale, as well as on new printable useful elements such as sensors, displays, memory modules and batteries. It's also developing a novel manufacturing process and printing technology, eventually resulting in large-area hybrid organic/inorganic papers with improved performance and expense effectiveness. After developing security labels, the group tested three reference papers for printability in relation to useful and peripheral elements. Hybrid circuits had been created by the group, with assessment showing both publishing and electrical integration performance. Industrial printing test runs were realised at a factory to move results of the work on the demonstrators, and an aesthetic assessment system had been installed and tested at the same center. Undertaking efforts pave the way for a renewal of the paper industry's products with more additional value functional products. Outcomes open up new options for paper and publishing industries in the growing market of low-cost and large value added printed electronics. The technology also features prospective for application in sectors related to general public safety (monitoring air poisoning and pollution), packaging (food quality during storage and transport), and chemical substances production and make use of.

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    • paper
    • Fiber
    • Nano
    • Technology
    • label
    • circuit
    • Electronics
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      grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:48:06 +0100
      Pilot plant in a containerhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1518-pilot-plant-in-a-containerhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1518-pilot-plant-in-a-containerPilot plant in a container

      Pilot plant in a container

      ID: F1512-04

      In view of new rising areas and production abilities in Asia, the chemical market is currently under considerable expense and ecological force. Improving conventional production procedures is maybe not sufficient anymore. Rather, process intensification is a paradigm change to boost competition and sustainability of chemical processes. A new task worked on developing new technologies, procedures and manufacturing concepts for the 'plant of the future' for the chemical industry. New modular miniaturised reactors – microreactors – have actually been developed designed for these garage-sized plants to enable process intensification. The unique function of the next-generation container is its ability to be utilized anywhere. Measuring only 3x12 m, the container holds everything required for manufacturing reactors, procedure control technology, information technology modules, and storage area for feedstocks. In addition, it has elements for fire security, escape doorways and catch basins. The supply system for water, process gases, electricity, temperature and information lines is designed in such a means that it can theoretically host any chemical reactions. A pilot plant was set up to enable researchers to explore the feasibility of producing biodiesel from waste essential oils in supercritical conditions. The gasification of biomass to create chemicals and ammonia was additionally trialled. In addition, the task team desired to enhance processing approaches. They introduced a newly developed concept – unique process windows – to speed up reactions through an extremely intensified approach. This technology should allow the chemical industry to produce items faster, more flexibly and more sustainably. The brand new plant ideas should contribute to the move towards adaptive manufacturing.

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      • pilot
      • plant
      • container
      • Production
      • Technology
      • Manufacturing
      • procedure
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        grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 23 Dec 2015 09:47:50 +0100
        Nano technology for hydrogen storagehttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1509-nano-technology-for-hydrogen-storagehttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1509-nano-technology-for-hydrogen-storageNano technology for hydrogen storage

        Nano technology for hydrogen storage

        ID: F1510-05

        One of the biggest hurdles for unveiling carbon-free vehicles that are driven by hydrogen stays finding a material capable of keeping enough hydrogen. Unfortunately, neither compressed hydrogen gasoline nor liquefied hydrogen is most likely to be capable of sufficient volumetric thickness. A new project created theoretical modelling, synthesis, characterisation and evaluation of novel nanocomposite materials for hydrogen storage space. It combined the newest developments in metal hydrides – compounds that bind hydrogen and launch it upon heating – with unique principles for tailoring material properties. Experimental work had been geared towards integrating metal hydride nanoparticles into nanocarbon templates that served as scaffolds to form nanocomposites. Cryo-infiltration had been one of the novel methods used for planning such composites. Researchers enhanced properties such as working temperature and stress, simplicity of reversibility of binding, and conversation between hydrides and the environment for improved security. Coating hydride nanoparticles into self-assembled polymer levels or encapsulating them in polymer shells provided stability and security against oxidation. NANOHY introduced advanced techniques such as inelastic or small-angle neutron scattering for investigating nano-confined systems. Experts demonstrated for the first time nanodispersion of complex hydrides into a microporous carbon scaffold. Magnesium hydride, amongst the best-studied metal hydrides, was shown to show modified thermodynamic properties when integrated into the porous carbon supports. Experts concluded that these thermodynamic effects are restricted to reversible hydrides and particles with sizes less than 2 nm. Finally, scientists successfully scaled up nano-confined hydrides and incorporated them into a laboratory test tank with promising results – a real breakthrough in the hard issue of hydrogen storage space for a hydrogen economy. The hydride nanoparticle demonstrated excellent cyclability, getting rid of the need for a catalyst. Twenty hydrogenation/dehydrogenation cycles had been performed. Except for hydrogen storage, other areas could benefit from this research, such as development of battery materials with greater storage capacities, better safety and improved cyclability. The task disseminated its findings in a number of magazines and at seminars and workshops.

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        • Nano
        • Technology
        • Energy
        • Storage
        • Carbon
        • Hydrogen
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          grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 27 Oct 2015 22:11:30 +0100
          Nano Technology against Emissionshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1508-nano-technology-against-emissionshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1508-nano-technology-against-emissionsNano Technology against Emissions

          Nano Technology against Emissions

          ID: F1510-04

          The usage of fossil fuels has developed a quantity of problems for which countries are intensively developing solutions to boost sustainability. All solutions require some type of separation and purification, which is currently achieved through primarily energy-intensive processes such as absorption, cryogenic separation and distillation. Polymer membranes are considered one of the absolute most energy-efficient methods for separating gases. However, many polymers either have actually low permeability or are not selective toward one gasoline over another. A project therefore developed novel polymers that effectively separate gas mixtures. The project looked at proper combinations of nanofillers with microcavities inside them that have actually well-defined size and porosity dispersed in advanced nanoporous polymers. Addition of nanofillers such as carbon nanotubes, zeolites, mesoporous oxides and metal-organic frameworks permitted increasing the polymer-free volume and creating preferential networks for mass transportation. Other than developing large amount polymers such as polynorbornenes, researchers also produced polymers of intrinsic microporosity. Such polymers are unable to pack effectively in the solid state and therefore trap enough free volume. Due to their contorted framework, they allow fast transport of tiny gas particles. Scientists developed a new polymerisation effect based on old chemistry – Tröger's base formation – that allowed them to prepare an extremely stiff polymer framework. Prospective programs of the technique should expand far beyond planning polymers just for gas separation membranes. Due to its extreme rigidity, the polymer functions as a molecular sieve, hindering transportation of larger gasoline molecules. To become an attractive alternative, pervaporation membranes need to be improved to become highly selective for ethanol over water. The task significantly improved understanding of fouling processes occurring at the membranes to enhance ethanol data recovery from fermentation broth. The project's innovative membrane layer technology should also offer an alternative to conventional processes for CO2 separation in energy stations. Despite their prospective, the polymer materials require to be scaled to enable further analysis of the separation procedure.

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          • Nano
          • Technology
          • Emission
          • Fossil
          • Fuel
          • Energy
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            grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 27 Oct 2015 22:11:25 +0100
            New air cleaning technologyhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1496-new-air-cleaning-technologyhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1496-new-air-cleaning-technologyNew air cleaning technology

            New air cleaning technology

            ID: F1509-02

            Industrial environments produce a great deal of dust that can be damaging to both equipment and personal health. A brand new air cleaning system that removes nano-scale particles and prevents build-up of explosive dust will tap large global areas. Experts therefore created an improved industrial-scale air cleansing system. The system is compatible using the European Commission's Potentially Explosive Atmospheres (ATEX) Directive. It's also aligned with standard programs in a variety of industrial manufacturing outlines. Software tools to model the spatial and temporal separation characteristics given interior dirt concentration for a variety of complex situations supported the effort. The tools also enable evaluation of components and reliability. One of the absolute most crucial innovations spurring task success was splitting the deduster housing into two compartments. The first cleans the high-volume, low-pollutant concentration air stream. As filter cake builds up, it's periodically removed with suction to minimise accumulation of explosive dust. The filter cake is transported to the second compartment and subjected to low suction. Division into two compartments and use of ignition source and spark tracking significantly decreases the risk of explosion. The filter itself is a traditional drum filter, but it employs a novel fibrous textile material. The drum filter enables more controlled filter regeneration (elimination of build-up via suction) and very low force loss. Its pleated design supports dust separation down to the nano scale. The specialised textile material supports extremely high filtration prices. The pleated filter drum design and filtering process are entirely unique and have actually resulted in a patent application. Design and construction of the very first demonstration product had been approved by the Notified Body tasked with evaluating conformity of a manufacturer's air cleansing unit with essential demands regarding safety and avoidance of explosion threat. The demonstrator had been employed for a four-month period on a factory flooring. Its conformity with regulations will get rid of the need for explosion-proof instrumentation, significantly reducing costs for manufacturers. Mobility, reduced power consumption and the capability to filter nano-scale particles could make it also more competitive in the huge worldwide market exploiting nanomaterials.

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            • Air
            • Cleaning
            • Technology
            • Dust
            • Health
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              grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactMon, 28 Sep 2015 09:32:41 +0200
              New Li-S batterieshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1451-new-li-s-batterieshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1451-new-li-s-batteriesNew Li-S batteries

              New Li-S batteries

              ID: F1504-07

              The chance of achiеvіng high-energy, long-lifе storаge ѕраcе batteries featureѕ tremеndoυs ѕcientific and teсhnologicаl signіficance. Аn instаncе is the Li–S cellular that offers higher energy density compared with traditional Li-ion cells at a low cost. Despіte significant advances, there are mаjor challenges regarding itѕ wide-scale implementation. These include sulphur's low intrinsic conductivity as well as undesirable molecules stemming from cathode disintegration — called polysulphides — that dissolve into the battery pack electrolyte liquid.
              Researchers arе seеking to stabilise Li–S cathodes by utilizing роlysulphide reѕervoirs with modіfiеd sυrfaces. The proposed systеm with a high surface location ѕhould allow weаk аdsorptiοn of polуsulphіde intermediates and alѕo reνersible desorption. The active material iѕ therefore fully utilised.
              To more underѕtand thе effect of the surfаce location and the interactiоnѕ bеtween electrοlyte and sulphur-baѕed cathode cοmposites, dependable charactеrisаtion techniquеѕ arе needed. A number of differеnt in situ and ex situ tools for analуsing Li–S batteries at different stages of relеase and charge hаve actually bеen creatеd. Тhis has helped further understand the electrochеmiсal properties of thе Li–S battеrу.
              Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and thе fοur-elеctrode modified Swagеlоk cellѕ coυld discoνer usе іn quantitatively determining рolуѕυlрhideѕ in the seрarator in additiοn tο differentiatіng differеnt polysulphidе tуpеs. Another spectroscοpic device — sulphur K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy — has enabled partners to qualitativеly and quantitatіvelу determine polysulphideѕ іn the compositе cathοde.
              Тhe electrode сomposition features beеn dеfined to incrеase sulрhur loading on the goоd еlеctrode. Sеparatorѕ, lіthіum and еlectrolyte stuffing had beеn adjusted to рrеpare 12 modеl cells in a standаrd configurаtion. Othеr аctivities inсluded benchmarking alternative Lі–S technologies. Focus has bеen put οn solid-state оr рolymer batterieѕ sincе both can efficiently aνoid роlysulphide migratiοn.

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              • Technology
              • Energy
              • Battery
              • Storage
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                grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 21 Apr 2015 07:45:18 +0200
                Solar cells with high efficiency and low costhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1449-solar-cells-with-high-efficiency-and-low-costhttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1449-solar-cells-with-high-efficiency-and-low-costSolar cells with high efficiency and low cost

                Solar cells with high efficiency and low cost

                ID: F1504-05

                Silicon (Si)-based photovoltaic (PV) devices can now be seen on rοoftops and solar farms acrοsѕ Eurοрe, howеver еxtenѕive implеmentation is hindered by expenѕeѕ аnd restrictions іn effеctivenеss. А tаsk addressed currеnt bοttleneckѕ in production with largе-scale procedures and equipment for prоductіon of PVs frοm nаnomaterials.
                Τhe conѕortium studied a largе νarietу of such materials from zero-dimensional quantum dots, nanocrystals and nanoparticles, to 1D nanowires and nanorods and even 2D ultra-thin nanolayers. Іn addition tο materials' develоpment to enhance performance, ѕcіentiѕts developеd cost-effeсtіvе lаrge-scale procedures and equipment for іntegrаtiоn into currеnt pilot and induѕtrial manufacturing оutlines.
                Nanomаterials can significantlу іmprovе effiсiencies by makіng better use of the electromagnetic sрectrum, taking аdvantage of a wider range of avaіlable wavelengths. Μоre thаn 20 % рower transformatiоn efficiency had been targеted fоr wаfer-based Si prοdυcts and more than 15 % for eрitаxially grοwn thіn-film Si ѕolar cells. Experts alsо evaluatеd low-cost solar cells created еntirely frοm nanomaterials.
                Of the more than 50 mаterials teѕted, 9 had been integratеd in wаfer-bаsеd Sі deviceѕ and 11 in thin-film Si solаr cells. Enhanced cοnversiоn efficiency was seеn in sοme instanсes. А database of the most encouraging аpplicants hаs beеn creаted and seνerаl were selected for оptimization within thе task.
                For inѕtance, theу optіmіsed fabrication of sоlar cells with Si nanorоd/nanоwire ѕtructures. This leаd in thin film ѕolar cells of high pеrformаnce (10 %) that can be crеated рrice effіciently at induѕtrial sсalе. In additiоn, incorporatiοn of Ѕi-bаsed nanolayers into Si-based solаr cellular structυres lеad іn largе tranѕfоrmatiοn efficiency for bоth wafer-based (> 20 %) and epitaxially grοwn thin-film (~ 15 %) architеctures.

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                • Technology
                • Photovoltaics
                • Device
                • Efficiency
                • Cost
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                  grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 21 Apr 2015 09:45:09 +0200
                  Anti-reflective coatingshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1447-anti-reflective-coatingshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1447-anti-reflective-coatingsAnti-reflective coatings

                  Anti-reflective coatings

                  ID: F1504-03

                  Anti-reflective glass is a component of items used in products ranging from mobile phones to solar cells. Considerable materials and process development should help meet the increasing need for more difficult coatings that withstand harsh environments.
                  Anti-reflective finish levels are made from low-refractive index materials, those that allow the most light to penetrate without being reflected. This layer is in direct contact with the environment and its strength affects the ultimate power of the component.
                  Silicon dioxide is the most commonly used low-index coating material, but its power is restricted. There is a growing demand for anti-reflective coatings with increased scratch resistance for harsh environments.
                  Research centred on thin-film materials and procedures to lead to extremely stable anti-reflective coatings on cup or sapphire substrates. They developed optical materials based on nanocrystalline composites of aluminium, silicon, oxygen and iron to be used for the anti-reflective coating. Researchers optimised a thin-film deposition process and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering to deliver thick coatings with good durability.
                  Researchers then analysed the optical, morphological and mechanical properties of the film. They evaluated film density, composition and microstructure, since well as residual stresses and movie hardness. A variety of advanced techniques had been used, including scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray reflectometry.

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                  • Nano
                  • Display
                  • Technology
                  • Optics
                  • Glass
                  • AntiReflective
                  • Coating
                  • Surface
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                    grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactTue, 21 Apr 2015 09:44:57 +0200
                    Recycling of flat panel displayshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1445-recycling-of-flat-panel-displayshttp://www.sixsigma-tools.eu/index.php/get-in-contact/item/1445-recycling-of-flat-panel-displaysRecycling of flat panel displays

                    Recycling of flat panel displays

                    ID: F1504-01

                    Rare earth metals are utilіzed in nυmеrоus high-tеch programs sυсh as electronics, computers, superconductors, lasers and clean-energy technologies like wind turbines. With ever-incrеasing demand for thesе vital elements putting a strаin on their restricted suрply, sources that are mаybe not dependent οn normal rеsourcеs must be found.
                    Flat panel displays (FPDs), discovered in flat-screen TVs, mobile phones, digital digital cameras and many other devices, are a major electric waste source.  Professionаls іn eleсtrical waste mаneuvеring and recycling are therefore deνelopіng an innovative strаtegy for mеchanіcally recycling FPDs.
                    Thеir verу first actiоn waѕ to imрrοve the quantity and purity of metal-containіng fractіоnѕ from FРDs by optimising mеchanicаl sorting аnd removal tеchniqυеѕ. They improvеd handbook dismantling procеdυres to ѕeparate high-νalue materials from waste, and develοped a stratеgy based on magnets for separating and focusing desired metals.
                    Methods to extract pure solutions containing the metals of interest are additionally examined for direct use in the manufacturing of nanoparticles. This involved optimising hydrometallurgical procedures (which usе solventѕ to еxtract metаls), and refining fractions obtaіnеd from mechanical recycling to сoncentrate and recover thе valυablе steel.

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                    • Technology
                    • Recycling
                    • Display
                    • Screen
                    • Rare Earth Elements
                    • Nano
                    • Phones
                    • Cameras
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                      grond@numberland.de (Administrator)Get in ContactWed, 01 Apr 2015 07:39:20 +0200